Is Baseball Getting Too Expensive For Kids?

A week ago, John Sickels wrote an interesting blog post, more of a musing than an analysis:

A) At the amateur level (high school, college, etc.), baseball is primarily a game for the children of wealth and the upper middle class. Do you think that is true or false?

B) If you accept that A is true, is that good for the sport and what, if anything, should be done about it?

I accept his proposition. I played Little League baseball for five years or so, and I was a growing boy — I remember how many pairs of cleats and clean white jerseys and pants and metal bats and gloves I went through, to say nothing of the summer camps, the days at the batting cages, and the dues for the league themselves, much of which probably went to the trophy I invariably got for showing up every year. This despite the fact that I was, as many of my readers no doubt will have guessed, no good at all.

Because I wasn’t any good at all, my parents saved on things like travel (because I certainly wasn’t traveling), personal instruction, or the “metal contraption” that Trevor Bauer’s dad built for him.

But I had no idea how much they were spending. For a family with multiple kids playing youth sports, it can easily be in the thousands, if not much more. A blog post on CBS Moneywatch in 2009 quoted one family who paid $4000 for their 9-year old to play on a traveling baseball team, and another family who paid $8,000-$10,000 for their three daughters to play volleyball. Obviously, it’s easy to do it cheaper — they could buy used equipment, and so forth. But still, that’s the amount that it cost for just one year. If your child likes sports, that’s a repeating cost until they turn 18.

Generations ago, many people learned to play baseball on sandlots. America is a lot less rural than it was fifty years ago, and baseball is a farmland sport, requiring big open spaces, which are awfully expensive when you live in a city. But that means that baseball is too expensive for many people. Which leads to John Sickels’s next question: what does that mean for baseball?

I’ve written about race before on this blog, but this is really more of a question about socioeconomic class. We all know that the proportion of African-Americans in the game has declined as the proportion of Hispanic players, both dark- and light-skinned, has increased. There are a lot of reasons that a poor African-American kid might choose football or basketball over baseball while growing up, and many of them are economic.

As Chris Isadore wrote in a 2007 column on CNNMoney.com:

It takes a certain amount of economic resources for a baseball player to go to college and whites, on average, have higher incomes than blacks in the U.S. So for a black athlete that needs financial assistance to attend college, it makes more sense to try for a football or basketball scholarship. This is a big reason why college baseball teams have even a lower percentage of black players than does the major league, said [MLB executive Jimmie Lee] Solomon.

“A Division 1 football program can give out 85 scholarships, and baseball teams only 11.7,” said Solomon. “If you’re an African American kid and you need help to go to school, do the math.”

Torii Hunter famously and controversially made a similar point: Latin American prospects are often cheaper to sign at age 16 than American prospects are to draft at 18 or 22. As Hunter put it, teams would think to themselves: “Why should I get this kid from the South Side of Chicago and have Scott Boras represent him and pay him $5 million when you can get a Dominican guy for a bag of chips?”

I am not aware of the exact figures, but I think that it is fair to assume that a rising proportion of the major league players who grew up poor are international free agents signed out of Latin America, and that the median family income of American-born players has increased as their overall proportion has declined. In other words, I would guess that major league baseball is increasingly made up of American-born players whose families were relatively well off, and Latin American players whose families were not.

It is often said that soccer is the world’s most popular sport because all you need is a ball. Baseball is a worldwide sport, from Japan to Netherlands to Italy, but it is a lot harder to play. Henry Aaron grew up hitting bottle caps with a stick (which he held cross-handed, with his left hand on top of his right). Nowadays, in poor communities, the sport being played in the street typically isn’t baseball.

So, is the decline of poor Americans playing baseball making the game more elitist in America? Or is it merely a symptom of widening socioeconomic inequality in American society at large? I would argue that it’s more the latter. Baseball is no longer the most popular sport in America, and I don’t think that race or class have much to do with it. But the economic makeup of baseball is changing, and I don’t think it’s changing for the better.

If I’m lucky enough to have children some day, I’d like to play catch with my kids. I’d like to teach them to root for the Braves. And if they want to play baseball, boy or girl, I want them to be able to play. I just hope I’ll be able to afford it.





Alex is a writer for The Hardball Times.

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Matthew E
10 years ago

My son is playing baseball, and we’ve had to spend on it, but nowhere near that much. And certainly nowhere near as much as the hockey parents have to spend. That’s just crazy.

Bryz
10 years ago
Reply to  Alex Remington

I can’t give an estimate for hockey, but I remember my high school psychology teacher ranting about how expensive it was for children to be in hockey and dance.

Sam
10 years ago
Reply to  Alex Remington

My brother plays baseball relatively seriously, and he’s never had to spend too much. Then again, he’s never played on a traveling team, and doesn’t bother buying a lot of his own equipment. He still has the same glove he’s used since he started little league, and he’s now going into his junior year of high school. I think if you want to buy your own equipment, your own fancy bats, batting cages, pitching machines, etc. It can definitely add up. But all you really need is a glove and a set of cleats, as long as you can find a decent team to play on. The team will have its own set of equipment, and with a decent coach I’m sure you can find a way to use the stuff for extra practice. To me, it’s still about wealth, but it’s more about living in a wealthier area that can afford some serious coaches, traveling teams, and so on. My brother will never get to really get serious about baseball because we live in the boondocks of Maine, with mediocre coaches, very few traveling teams, and minimal equipment and poor fields. In a situation like that, yes, you have to pay a lot of our own money to get ahead since there’s nothing available. But if you’re in a bigger city or something, you might be able to find the right school or traveling team that would give you the help you need.

GUY
10 years ago
Reply to  Alex Remington

I’ll chime in on hockey.
Easily $1,000 to set a kid up with pads, sticks, skates, helmet, jerseys, gloves, etc. You’re lucky if anything lasts you more than a year.
Add in league fees, memberships, skate sharpenings, travel and you’re looking at $3,000+ a year for a kid who’s playing rec/little league.

Shawn
10 years ago
Reply to  Alex Remington

Not OP but I played on a few travel teams while in High School. Mine usually cost around $1200 to join the team for the year. Then of course you needed a high end glove; I had an A2000 by Wilson which cost $180 or so. And a good bat of course, my bat ran close to $200-250. Also since I caught, I needed a set of catchers gear and a mitt. The gear was around $500 and the mitt was another $200. Luckily, both my gloves lasted all four years of HS. And my catchers gear and bat lasted two. So in 4 years of HS ball, my parents ended spending close to $5500 for baseball (Didn’t play on travel team SR year). We didn’t travel too far and only had a few games out of state so travel wasn’t too bad but there were gas costs. I am lucky to have parents that were willing to invest that much. Sadly, I didn’t play baseball after HS. But that is the investment parents make hoping that some college or pro scout sees their son/daughter.

Eric R
10 years ago
Reply to  Alex Remington

If between practices and games, we’re talking 3-5 days per week for maybe 10-12 weeks, we are talking 30-60 sessions per season. Lets say each averages 90 minutes; that is 45-90 hours total for the season.

If you can budget $300 for cleats/shoes, gloves and bats per year, $100 for uniforms, $100 for league fees and maybe $200 for miscellaneous, we’re talking $700 for a non-traveling league.

$700 divided by 45-90 hours equals $8-$16 per hour. Seems like a reasonably cheap form of entertainment/exercise to me. And some of that stuff you bought can be used for years to come…

My 3 year old’s dance classes, that totaled 45 minutes per week cost me a couple hundred between leotards, shoes, recital outfit, recital tickets, etc… plus $40 per month for the class. And NONE of the ‘equipment’ will be reusable next year or is available to borrow from the ‘team’. I’d guess it came out to something around $20-40 per hour of instruction+onstage recital time.

GUY
10 years ago
Reply to  Matthew E

Yeah, hockey can be a bit ridiculous.
Costs have gone wayyyy down in the last 10 years, but when I was a kid, costs were outrageous if you wanted even decent equipment.
My parents and I tried to go way budget, but with equipment as advanced as it is, you can be the best player out there and you still won’t compete with kids with superior equipment.

Nik
10 years ago
Reply to  GUY

That’s not true at all. Equipment isn’t even close to giving you an edge.

GUY
10 years ago
Reply to  GUY

Seriously? Ok, give a kid a pair of blunt, uncomfortable skates, bulky, inhibiting pads and an, cheap stick and see how he’ll do out there.
Skates alone, quite literally, give kids with better equipment an edge.

Baron Samedi
10 years ago
Reply to  GUY

I think you know that’s not true.

Jeff
10 years ago
Reply to  GUY

I never bought new gear and used stuff until the bitter end. I still have a glove I started using 8 years ago. I always felt like the crappier the gear, the more fastballs I saw 🙂

Chicago Mark
10 years ago
Reply to  GUY

Hi all, Hockey in Chicago is VERY expensive. Hourly ice rental is about $400. A travel team of 15-17 players skates 4-5 times a week. Coaches are paid $5,000/yr. Skates, $300 on the low end. Sticks, $200 (2-3/yr), Travel out of town 3-4 trip/yr, $500/trip. referees cost about $75/game (40gm schedule) Helmut, gloves, pants total $200+. Jersey’s another $150-$300.
There are 3 levels of hockey in Chicago before high school. Tier II is the level I was costing out above. The player fees for ice, coaches, league fees, etc are about $3,500/yr. This does not include equipment and travel. Total costs for tier II run about $7-$10k. Tier 1 is the elite player who travels everywhere. The biggest and most elite league in the US has teams from Chicago, LA, Detroit, Stl, Boston, Fla, Dallas, EVERYWHERE. These kids travel 2+ times/month to these locations. Base fees are $8-10k. Travel is another $6-8/yr. The third level is called house league. This is little league if you will. They play 25 games/yr. Total costs run about $2-$4k. These teams often travel too. If you want your player to play at the highest levels of Jr’s or college forget house. And tier II makes it a longshot.
Finally, all above costs are for the 6 month winter season. If you’re playing at travel, tier I or II you play summer league, a camp or two and maybe even private lessons.
Ps. If you really want to compare dull skates to sharpened skates…. Well, you can’t skate on dull skates. Most of the players sharpen their skates at least once per week at a cost of $5–$8. Some of the tier I teams own their own portable skate sharpener.

rob
9 years ago
Reply to  Matthew E

And i thought Little League was a nonprofit! Volunteer for every thing. Costs should be covered by fundraising and sponsorships not entrie fees.