Looking for Vintage Madison Bumgarner

Madison Bumgarner’s reputation as a pitcher wasn’t burnished during the regular season. Bumgarner has been mostly very good as a starter prior to October. From 2011 through 2016, he averaged 212 innings and 3.9 WAR per year. During that time his 23.3 WAR places him ninth among major league starters, which is more a low-level ace than a dominator in the form of a Clayton Kershaw or Max Scherzer. No, it was in three postseasons that Bumgarner forged his reputation, pitching another 100 innings across three playoff seasons and three championships, including earning NLCS and World Series MVP honors in 2014. With the Giants unlikely to contend this season, Bumgarner’s value to the club more likely lies as a trade chip than a bringer of championships. After struggling the last two seasons, Bumgarner is pitching better in 2019, but whether he’s back to his old level of success remains to be seen.

We are still just seven Bumgarner starts into the season, but there is a bit of optimism. In his last start, Bumgarner threw the ball harder than he has in some time on the way to six innings of one-run ball against the Dodgers during which he struck eight against just two walks. The velocity wasn’t just encouraging, it was harder than he’s thrown in years.

Other than a few starts in early 2017 before he was hurt, Bumgarner hasn’t thrown the ball with as much velocity as he did the other night on a regular basis since the 2015 season. And it wasn’t just the last start that Bumgarner has pitched well. While the velocity against the Dodgers was new, in his last four starts, Bumgarner has struck out 27 batters against just three walks in 24.2 innings for a 1.84 FIP. That four-game FIP is the best Bumgarner has put together since the 2015 season and nearly a full run lower than any stretch last year.

Bumgarner is pitching better than the last few seasons, but to get some idea about how much better, let’s take a baseline and compare Bumgarner over three different periods, plus the last four starts as a bonus. First, let’s look at some numbers most readers at FanGraphs should be familiar with.

Is Madison Bumgarner Back?
2011-2016 212.2 25.0 % 5.7 % 3.00 82 3.07 84 3.7
2017-2018 120.1 21.0 % 6.3 % 3.29 82 3.97 101 2.5
2019 43.2 24.3 % 4.0 % 3.92 95 3.28 81 3.7
Last four starts 24.2 26.5 % 2.9 % 4.38 106 1.84 46 8.0

From 2011 through 2016, Bumgarner was one of the better pitches in the game, but the last two seasons have seen his strikeout rate fall as the league’s rate has risen. The result has been roughly average for Bumgarner, though a good ERA has masked some of the decline. So far this year, that strikeout rate is up close to Bumgarner’s peak with a better walk rate. The ERA isn’t as good as it has been even the last couple of seasons, but the peripherals show a pretty strong performance, and we see Cy Young-level performance over the last four starts.

To provide a little context for the numbers above, particularly those differing ERAs, let’s add a few more stats.

Explaining Madison Bumgarner’s High ERA
2011-2016 44.4 % 9.6 % 0.83 .283 75.6 %
2017-2018 41.8 % 11.6 % 1.16 .273 80.3 %
2019 37.0 % 11.4 % 1.03 .300 60.5 %
Last four starts 36.8 % 4.5 % 0.36 .366 62.9 %

Bumgarner’s BABIP and left-on-base percentage this season help to explain the gap between his ERA and his FIP. There’s little reason to think that the LOB% will be as low or the BABIP as high going forward. If he keeps pitching as well as he has been, that ERA is due for a fall. His home run rate on the season is in between his peak and his valley, which is more impressive given the current home run environment, though pitching in San Francisco does help. He’s going to allow more homers than he has the last four starts, but keeping the number close to one per nine innings would be a big help in preventing runs. It’s interesting that his groundball rate has continued to decline, though that has been true for pitchers overall during the last decade.

We know Bumgarner’s strikeout rate is up and his walk rate is down, but it might help to know how his plate discipline numbers have changed and whether any of those changes look similar to youngBum.

Madison Bumgarner and Plate Discipline
O-Swing% Z-Swing% Swing% O-Contact% Z-Contact% Contact% Zone% F Strike % Sw Strk%
2011-2016 31.8 % 64.6 % 48.4 % 57.8 % 87.0 % 77.5 % 50.7 % 63.6 % 10.8 %
2017-2018 32.2 % 65.9 % 48.5 % 64.2 % 88.1 % 79.9 % 48.4 % 65.0 % 9.7 %
2019 34.1 % 66.0 % 50.4 % 55.2 % 89.3 % 77.9 % 50.9 % 71.8 % 11.1 %
Last four starts 36.0 % 69.5 % 52.2 % 54.6 % 91.4 % 78.2 % 48.3 % 68.6 % 11.3 %

Hitters are swinging at more pitches out of the zone and making contact on fewer of those swings, which wasn’t happening over the last couple years.┬áThe result has been a swinging strike rate that looks like one from his peak. Bumgarner appears to have placed a greater emphasis on getting ahead of batters, which also might help explain why batters are chasing pitches at a greater rate. Batters are making more contact in the zone, and there might be a reason for that in Bumgarner’s pitch usage.

Madison Bumgarner Fastball Reliance
2011-2016 45.8 % 35.0 % 13.2 % 5.7 %
2017-2018 38.2 % 35.5 % 19.3 % 6.7 %
2019 39.4 % 35.6 % 14.9 % 10.1 %
Last four starts 42.5 % 32.6 % 15.2 % 9.7 %

As other pitchers are moving away from fastball usage, Bumgarner has leaned into it lately, though the uptick over his last four starts is due mainly to throwing roughly 60% fastballs in his last start. He still throws the slider/cutter a bunch while his curveball use has dropped from what it was the last few years due to more changes. Now, back where we started, with velocity.

Madison Bumgarner’ Improved Velocity
2011-2016 92.4 88.2 77.1 84.8
2017-2018 91.4 86.4 78.2 83.7
2019 91.7 86.3 78.6 84.4
Last four starts 92 86.7 78.7 84.4

After an accident in 2017 hurt his shoulder and ribs, and a finger injury last year robbed Bumgarner of a couple early-season months, it’s fair to wonder if Bumgarner was at full-strength the last couple years. Skepticism coming into this season for the 29-year-old was warranted. Our projections pegged Bumgarner for just two wins across 200 innings this season. That performance might not make Bumgarner much of a trade chip at all, let alone a potential anchor in the playoffs. Already, Bumgarner has caused an uptick in his projections, but not significantly so. If Bumgarner keeps pitching like he has been, he might be the biggest piece traded in July, not based on reputation, but performance. He enters tonight’s start with a 3.92 ERA, but he’s already pitching much better than that ERA indicates. If the uptick in velocity is real, we’re probably watching a Madison Bumgarner we haven’t seen in three years.

We hoped you liked reading Looking for Vintage Madison Bumgarner by Craig Edwards!

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Craig Edwards can be found on twitter @craigjedwards.

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Its an interesting thing; is Bum going to be the last pitcher who gets the Justin Verlander-esque “postseason premium” (hard to imagine w/ analytics-driven FO’s, but still) at the trade deadline this year? Because the odds of him being a Giant and them settling for a draft pick seem less than 0.


I am not sure that Verlander got a “postseason premium” as much as the Astros got really desperate and Verlander started to pitch better. Of course, we could see a similar thing happening this year with Bumgarner.