The Tigers’ New Acquisition: A Teheran-Type, or Something Different? by Devan Fink December 4, 2019 In their contribution to the recent flurry of league activity, the Tigers and Pirates quietly made a deal last Monday: Pittsburgh sent right-hander Dario Agrazal to Detroit in exchange for cash considerations. While the trade didn’t make headlines, it may still provide insight into Detroit’s 2020 plans. Agrazal, who turns 25 in late December, debuted this season with Pittsburgh and appeared in 15 games, making 14 starts. His results were mixed: He posted a 4.91 ERA and a 5.90 FIP over 73.1 innings, striking out only 13% of opponents while walking 6%. Among pitchers who threw at least 70 innings, Agrazal had the third-lowest strikeout rate in the majors. Upon first glance, pitching to contact seems like a poor strategy in today’s three-true-outcome game, and Agrazal may ultimately be no more than a spare arm in Motown; we’re guessing that he’ll start the season in Triple-A. Still, under the right circumstances, Agrazal has the ability to turn into more than organizational depth. One scout last Monday compared Agrazal to Julio Teheran, telling The Athletic’s Emily Waldon that Agrazal is “a backend starter, a pitchability guy with fringe stuff.” Another scout told Waldon that they believed the move was an “analytics-based” acquisition. Certainly, those are both thought-provoking perspectives, especially the comparison of Agrazal to a reliable mid-rotation starter like Teheran. The two share a few things in common. Both Agrazal and Teheran rely heavily on their sinkers and each generated above-average results on the pitch: Agrazal held hitters to a .334 xwOBA against the sinker, while Teheran limited opponents to a .272 mark. Though both were better than league average, Agrazal’s sinker is likely to be classified more as “good” than “great,” while one could claim the opposite for Teheran. Still, having written about Teheran earlier this year, I was intrigued by the comparison. Looking at their sinkers, you can certainly some points of similarity, particularly the horizontal movement and spin rate. A Sinker Comparison Player Pitches Velocity (mph) xMov zMov Spin Rate (rpm) Dario Agrazal 625 91.2 -9.5 5.9 2233 Julio Teheran 675 89.4 -9.1 2.6 2264 Still, these are distinct pitches pitches. Agrazal’s sinker is a touch harder and has more vertical movement. To help visualize this, take a look at GIFs of both pitchers’ sinkers. First Agrazal: Now Teheran: In both the data and the GIFs, we can see that Teheran’s sinker is flatter than Agrazal’s, which means we can probably find a better comparative sinker for Agrazal than Teheran. That isn’t great news for Agrazal, as Teheran’s sinker is the gold standard: hitters put it on the ground 55% of the time, and have hit only two home runs off of it over the past two seasons. In order to find a better comparison, I went to the data, querying the most similar sinkers based on horizontal movement, vertical movement, and velocity. Here are the three best comps for Agrazal’s pitch: A Second Sinker Comparison Name Pitches Velocity (mph) xMov zMov Spin Rate (rpm) Dario Agrazal 625 91.2 -9.5 5.9 2233 Kyle McGowin 145 90.9 -9.7 6.0 2396 Mike Wright 133 92.2 -9.6 5.6 2101 As we did before, let’s go to the GIFs to see these pitches in action. Agrazal again: Wright: McGowin: The shapes of these three pitches do look similar, though they generated wildly different results. Agrazal and Wright had success with their sinker last season, while McGowin mostly didn’t. Sinker Results Comparison Name wOBA xwOBA GB% pVAL Dario Agrazal .354 .334 44.5% 0.7 Kyle McGowin .614 .558 42.4% -10.5 Mike Wright .325 .372 44.8% 0.8 The groundball rate column looks particularly interesting. Despite the difference in overall results, all three pitchers generated relatively similar groundball rates with their sinkers. That makes sense, given their similarities but it prompts a question: if all three pitchers produced similar batted ball results, then why are their respective xwOBAs so different? The answer is simple: exit velocity. For McGowin, hitters crushed the pitch, with an average 94.5-mph exit velocity. Wright was better at 91.5 mph, but neither pitcher came close to inducing soft contact at the same rate as Agrazal, who held hitters to an 86.4-mph average exit velocity against the sinker. (For another comparison, Teheran allowed an average exit velocity of 90.0 mph on his sinker.) Among the 153 pitchers with at least 10 batted balls against their sinker, Agrazal’s average exit velocity allowed put him in the 92nd percentile. Wright fell into the 22nd percentile, McGowin the 5th percentile. This all comes with the caveat that a pitcher does not have total control over the quality of contact they allow — sometimes a hitter who should have barreled a pitch just misses, and the pitcher gets more credit for that than he deserves. But, over a large sample, there are examples of pitchers who consistently limit hard contact. Dallas Keuchel, for example, has done this for years. The question the Tigers are likely asking, though, is whether this is something they can expect from Agrazal going forward. I broke down all 161 batted ball events against Agrazal’s sinker from 2019 in search of potential outliers that may indicate regression. There were a handful of abnormally low exit velocities, which were classified as mathematical outliers. That does not mean that Agrazal’s average exit velocity was a fluke; the median exit velocity against it was 89.3 mph, which is still quite good. The 3-mph difference between his median exit velocity and average exit velocity may point to at least some regression in the future, however. With that said, I feel more confident in believing that Agrazal has a knack of limiting hard contact. Of the 123 pitchers with at least 25 batted balls against their sinker, Agrazal’s median exit velocity ranked in the 80th percentile, near Kyle Hendricks and Dustin May, both of whom have excellent sinkers: Sinker Median Exit Velocity Leaders Rank Player Median EV (mph) 1 Sandy Alcantara 82.9 2 Wilmer Font 83.9 3 Oliver Perez 84.8 4 Jimmy Cordero 85.3 5 Tyler Rogers 85.3 6 Andrew Chafin 85.6 7 Sam Coonrod 86.0 8 Zack Britton 86.3 9 Jordan Hicks 86.5 10 Manny Banuelos 87.5 – – – 22 Kyle Hendricks 89.0 23 Wes Parsons 89.2 24 Dario Agrazal 89.3 25 Jonathan Hernandez 89.5 26 Dustin May 89.7 To discern how Agrazal induces soft contact, I explored similarities within the batted balls at or below 80 mph. Of Agrazal’s 161 batted ball events, 45 outcomes, or 28%, fell into this bucket. Of those, 35 came against right-handed hitters. And there is indeed a commonality between them: Because his pitch moved in towards right-handed hitters, Agrazal jammed them. As a result, he lowered his average exit velocity, generated groundballs, and found success with the sinker. If this is a repeatable skill, it’s a good one, and it could keep him in the majors longer and more often than most evaluators suspect. For a rebuilding club such as the Tigers, this is exactly the type of pitcher to take a flier on. Another solid year with the sinker from Agrazal, coupled with further development of some of his secondary stuff, and the Tigers might be thanking the Pirates for this innocuous acquisition made on a November Monday.