Brandon Belt, Making Adjustments

Brandon Belt was once thought of primarily a pitcher, so the Giants’ first baseman knows a little bit about change. He’s been accused of walking too much, striking out too much, and now perhaps swinging too much. But he’s still found his way to just outside the top ten at a position with a high offensive bar.

The process hasn’t been easy, but past changes to his game, combined with his current mindset, can both give us hope that he’s got what it takes to continue improving, while also dishing us a dollop of despair — hitting seems hopelessly hard, a continual game of adjustments, even on the game level.

The first time I talked to Brandon Belt was my first day as a member of the accredited media. On media day in early 2013, the players stood at podiums, ready to talk, which made things easier on a rookie like me. I asked him about a turning point in his 2012 season. One day, when he was at his lowest, when he was “lost out there,” he made a decision to alter his swing plane and hit more line drives and fewer fly balls. The result was a half-season with a 33% line drive rate and his first real taste of success.

The second time I talked to Brandon Belt at length, it was too late to break the story. Alex Pavlovic had already written an excellent piece on Belt’s turning point in 2013 — Belt talked to Domonic Brown about grip changes, decided it was easy enough to do in-season, and then moved back in the batter’s box and used his new grip to slash .326/.390/.525 in the second half and convince many that he was in line for a breakout this season. Belt said of his new grip — pictured on the right below — that the bat was more in his “fingertips” and more “relaxed” and that, as a result, his “whole body relaxed.”

His old grip (left) was too tight. The new grip (right) was more flexible.

So when Brandon Belt and I talked before an A’s game this week, I wanted to talk mostly about adjustments in general. But first, I had to ask him about his more aggressive approach this year. A career high in swing percentage, matched with a career high in power rates — were these linked? “I’m not going out there to swing at everything they throw up there, but I do want to be more ready to hit a pitch when I get it,” Belt said of the change. He didn’t spend the offseason thinking about swinging more, but he did spend some time thinking about taking better advantage of pitches that he liked.

Season Team O-Swing% Z-Swing% Swing% ISO
2011 Giants 27.50% 72.50% 48.60% 0.187
2012 Giants 28.80% 76.60% 50.70% 0.146
2013 Giants 30.90% 75.70% 51.00% 0.193
2014 Giants 30.60% 76.50% 52.70% 0.230
Total – – – 29.70% 75.60% 50.70% 0.181

The more aggressive approach has led to the need for another adjustment, perhaps. His reach and strikeout rates are near career highs. “I know have the ability, if they’re not throwing me strikes, I know I can stop, I don’t have to swing,” Belt said. “I know what the zone is and sometimes being too aggressive can lead to swinging outside the zone and that’s obviously not what I want, but I think I can control it pretty well.” His career heat map for swing rates seems to agree with that assertion.


You can see, in particular, that he’s adept at not swinging at pitches on the corners. This is a point of focus for Belt: “The ones on the corners, you got to take those away,” he said. “Low and away, up and in, those are not the best pitches to swing at.” The corners are some of the worst in-zone locations for contact, for sure.

But it’s not as simple as taking away the corners, of course. “It’s a constant adjustment, they’re all adjusting to me, I’m going to have to adjust to them — if you want to stick around and play for a while, that’s just the name of the game,” said the first baseman.

Let’s take a look at how Belt has been pitched and how he’s adjusted his swing. First up, how pitchers have been pitching him, in half-season increments since he’s entered the league. Watch the red blobs move in and out over time. In particular, watch the inside part of the plate.


It’s not easy to determine the chicken and egg this way, but at least you can get a sense of how this interplays with how pitchers have been approaching Belt. Here’s his swing rate in half-season increments over time. Again, one of the bigger areas of change has been on the inside third of the strike zone.


Focusing on line drives over pull power and fly balls in 2012 allowed Belt to take the outside pitch the other way. Moving back in the box and changing his grip in 2013 allowed Belt to turn on the inside pitch and show more pull power. Putting those two together in 2014 has encouraged him to be more aggressive and take advantage of his power. He’s pulling more than ever.

Season Pull%
2011 38.5%
2012 36.9%
2013 43.3%
2014 48.0%
Total 41.0%

The pulling wasn’t necessarily a point of emphasis, or a result of being more aggressive — they’re both a result of an offseason adjustment. “Going into the offseason, what I really wanted to do was keep my weight back,” Belt said. “When I am keeping my weight back, I’m getting the bat head out and hitting the ball more in front of me.” Hitting the ball more out in front of him, has lead to pulling the ball more, he felt.

But each of those changes has also begat the need for more changes. “All the video that’s out there, they know exactly what you are and what you’re not hitting at all times,” Belt said. Once he could go the other way, they busted him inside. Once he showed he could pull that pitch, they went back outside. Hence, the moving blob.

And maybe the need to now focus a bit on going the other way again. “There might not be as much power the other way, but there are a lot of hits over there, and there’s a lot of places you can drive in runs by going over to that side of the field,” Belt said of going the other way. “I definitely want that in my repertoire going forward.” Now that he’s further in the box, and his weight is back, maybe he has to let the ball travel a little further even and see it a little deeper into the zone, he agreed.

The overall goal, though, is simple. “As a hitter, I just have to set myself up to where I can cover all the plate at all the times,” Belt said. Right now, that might mean looking to go the other way a bit, or working on his hand placement, or making a very minor tweak to his feet. “I’m usually moving something around a little just a little bit,” Belt said. “I still have to work on how I position my hands on the bat, how high I want them, how low I want them, relative to where my head is.”

Sometimes this happens within a game. Take a look at two swings from the same game last week in San Diego. After the first, Belt stepped in to the cage to take a look at some video of the pitcher and himself. The second swing won the game. Perhaps there’s a noticeable difference in his hand placement and the timing and size of his first step.


The job of making adjustments is never over for a hitter. Even as Belt was on the disabled list for his broken thumb, he had work to do. “I took one-handed swings, but a lot of it was mental,” he said. He took the time to “Mentally picture myself, how I wanted to approach the game, how I wanted to stand in the box — so when I got to get in the box, I was more prepared because I’d been thinking about it the entire time.”

And it can be a frustrating back and forth even when healthy. “I feel like my hitting goes through cycles a lot of times,” Belt said. “There’s a lot of times when I’m going completely to the left side of the field. There’s a lot of times when I pull the ball and hit for more power. There’s times when I hit for more average, and there’s sometimes when I get into a funk and I start striking out a lot.”

But it’s important for the first baseman to clear his head once he steps into the box. “When I step out on the field, I try to make sure I forget about all that stuff. Thinking about it while I’m hitting is not doing me any favors,” Belt said. Hitting: it’s all about the thinking until it’s not.

With a phone full of pictures of pitchers' fingers, strange beers, and his two toddler sons, Eno Sarris can be found at the ballpark or a brewery most days. Read him here, writing about the A's or Giants at The Athletic, or about beer at October. Follow him on Twitter @enosarris if you can handle the sandwiches and inanity.

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9 years ago

Having size 15 shoes, repositioning his feet is no small thing.