DJ LeMahieu’s Opposite Approach Pays Dividends in Bronx

NEW YORK — On Wednesday night, DJ LeMahieu got it started for the Yankees, as he has so often done since arriving from Colorado in January 2019. Blue Jays starter Tanner Roark, having missed the strike zone with his first pitch of the night, left a 90.5 mph four-seam fastball in the upper outside corner of the zone — an area where the right-handed LeMahieu rarely swings — and this time the 32-year-old second baseman reached out and poked it onto the short porch in Yankee Stadium’s right field for a solo home run. The Yankees, who had dropped 20 runs on the Blue Jays on Tuesday night while retaking second place in the AL East, added another 13 more on Wednesday via a season-high season seven homers, including three by backup catcher Kyle Higashioka and another by LeMahieu. They did all of this despite Giancarlo Stanton and Aaron Judge going hitless in their respective returns from injury.

“DJ just continued to set the tone for us,” said manager Aaron Boone, a night after LeMahieu had gone 4-for-6 with a homer and five RBI. Here’s the first-inning shot:

The home run was LeMahieu’s fifth to lead off his team’s half of a game, moving him into the major league lead:

Most Leadoff Home Runs, 2020
Player Team Leadoff HR
DJ LeMahieu Yankees 5
Ian Happ Cubs 4
Tim Anderson White Sox 3
Ronald Acuña Jr. Braves 3
Max Kepler Twins 3
George Springer Astros 3
Mookie Betts Dodgers 2
Shin-Soo Choo Rangers 2
Cesar Hernandez Indians 2
Marcus Semien Athletics 2
Fernando Tatis Jr. Padres 2
Trea Turner Nationals 2
SOURCE: Baseball-Reference

It was the 11th time LeMahieu has hit a leadoff homer in his two seasons as a Yankee; in that time, only Springer (15) has more, though until Wednesday, Acuña and Joc Pederson had as many in the same span.

Those guys are true sluggers, where LeMahieu is something of a Johnny-come-lately. In eight seasons prior to his arrival with the Yankees, the last seven of them in high-altitude Colorado, he had never hit more than 15 homers in a season. Last year, thanks in large part to his whole-field approach and ability to take advantage of Yankee Stadium’s short right field — not that a record-setting season for homers around the majors didn’t hurt — he hit 26. On Wednesday night, after Higashioka and Clint Frazier had joined him in taking Roarke over the wall, LeMahieu hit another, also to right field:

Neither shot was what you’d call Ruthian; the first one, which left the bat at 97.4 mph, was hit an estimated 339 feet while the second, with an exit velocity of 98.2 mph, traveled an estimated 360 feet. Via Baseball Savant, the pair gave LeMahieu 18 opposite field homers, good for second in MLB since the start of 2019:

Most Opposite Field Home Runs, 2019-20
Player Team Oppo HR Avg Dist
Kyle Schwarber Cubs 19 386
DJ LeMahieu Yankees 18 361
Javier Baez Cubs 16 395
Eloy Jimenez White Sox 16 372
Franmil Reyes Padres/Indians 15 391
Freddie Freeman Braves 15 391
Christian Yelich Brewers 15 386
Ronald Acuña Jr. Braves 14 396
Juan Soto Nationals 14 391
Bryce Harper Phillies 14 387
Aaron Judge Yankees 14 373
Trey Mancini Orioles 13 393
Rafael Devers Red Sox 12 385
Jesse Winker Reds 12 370
Trevor Story Rockies 11 394
Nelson Cruz Twins 11 380
Manny Machado Padres 11 380
Teoscar Hernandez Blue Jays 11 378
Nick Castellanos Tigers/Cubs/Reds 11 376
Josh Donaldson Braves/Twins 10 387
Eugenio Suarez Reds 10 382
J.D. Davis Mets 10 381
J.T. Realmuto Phillies 10 381
Roberto Pérez Indians 10 379
SOURCE: Baseball Savant

As you can see if you sort by the far right column, LeMahieu has the shortest average distance on those homers of any of those players by nine feet. That’s mostly a product of Yankee Stadium, where he’s hit 15 of those long balls; his average of 362 feet for those is 36 fewer than Freeman, whose 12 oppo homers at home is the second-highest total.

Still, it’s no crime to take advantage of one’s home park; this just means that LeMahieu shouldn’t be counted upon to win next year’s Home Run Derby (let us hope there is one). And it’s yet another reminder that while he’s posted respectable power numbers in pinstripes, as former Rockies GM Dan O’Dowd said that he would when he signed, he’s hardly typical of today’s top hitters. As he’s made his two-year, $24 million dollar contract — one that was hardly greeted with enthusiasm from Yankees fans given his unimpressive home/road splits — pay off, first with last year’s career highs of 5.4 WAR and 136 wRC+, his performance has become the subject of fascination for this scribe. His big night, though eclipsed somewhat by Higashioka’s once-in-a-lifetime showing, coincided with what might be my only trip to the ballpark in 2020, affording me the opportunity to dig into DJ’s deeper cuts, so to speak.

Including his third-inning walk and sixth-inning double, LeMahieu is now batting .373/.421/.627. He’s neck-and-neck with the White Sox’s Tim Anderson (.374) for the batting title; Anderson beat him out last year, .335 to .327, preventing LeMahieu from becoming the first player to lead both leagues since the AL’s inception in 1901 (he led the NL at .348 in 2016). With his onslaught over the past two nights, he overtook Anthony Rendon (.416) for the AL on-base percentage lead, and is now sixth in the league in slugging percentage, and — wait for it – tops in wRC+ at 183.

What stands out about LeMahieu, aside from the fact that he’s exceeded expectations in the Bronx by a county mile given his unremarkable production in Colorado (an 87 wRC+ in 2018, with 94 the year before, and just one season above 100 in his entire career), is that in the age of the launch angle revolution, he’s slugging .627 while posting a 60.7% groundball rate; he entered Wednesday at 61.1%, the highest rate in the majors. Granted, his body of work in 2020 is still a relatively small sample (164 PA), but that makes him quite an outlier:

LeMahieu is that yellow dot in the upper right (Juan Soto, currently slugging .708 with a 52.0% groundball rate, is the red one). For the time that we have batted ball stats (2002 onward), he’s one of just 18 qualifiers with a groundball rate of 50% and a slugging percentage of .500 or better. That five of them are from this season suggests this is something that could come out in the wash given larger sample sizes, but LeMahieu is also one of three repeat customers, along with Brewers slugger Ryan Braun and Diamondbacks outfielder David Peralta:

Highest Slugging and Groundball Percentages Since 2002
Name Team Season GB/FB GB% SLG
Juan Soto Nationals 2020 1.89 52.0% .708
DJ LeMahieu Yankees 2020 2.65 60.7% .627
Christian Yelich Brewers 2018 2.20 51.8% .598
Tim Anderson White Sox 2020 2.25 54.6% .596
Eloy Jimenez White Sox 2020 1.82 51.1% .577
Shawn Green Dodgers 2002 1.72 51.2% .558
Ryan Braun Brewers 2016 2.22 55.7% .538
Javier Baez Cubs 2019 1.59 50.3% .531
Robinson Cano Yankees 2006 1.84 51.9% .525
Torii Hunter Twins 2002 1.59 50.9% .524
David Peralta Diamondbacks 2015 1.96 52.1% .522
Tommy Pham Cardinals 2017 1.98 51.7% .520
DJ LeMahieu Yankees 2019 1.91 50.1% .518
David Peralta Diamondbacks 2018 1.73 50.7% .516
Jacque Jones Twins 2002 2.14 54.5% .511
Alex Verdugo Red Sox 2020 1.95 52.9% .509
Avisail Garcia White Sox 2017 1.90 52.2% .506
Ryan Braun Brewers 2019 1.66 50.4% .505
Starling Marte Pirates 2019 1.79 50.5% .503
Hunter Pence Astros/Phillies 2011 1.67 51.3% .502

Such is LeMahieu’s groundball tendency that his average launch angle is just 1.7 degrees, the sixth-lowest of any qualified hitter in the Statcast era and the second-lowest this year (he and Jonathan Villar swapped places on Wednesday night). Only Soto (.708, 5.0 degrees), Yelich (.598, 5.0 degrees), and Braun (.538, 4.5 degrees) have anything close to that average launch angle while slugging above .500 in the Statcast era, but the gap is enough that LeMahieu is something of a unicorn.

This pinstriped unicorn certainly hits the ball hard, but by many measures, not as hard as last season, and in fact his Statcast numbers aren’t all that different from his later years in Colorado:

DJ LeMahieu’s Statcast Profile 2017-20
Year EV Pct LA xwOBA Pct Barrel% Pct Hard-Hit% Pct
2017 91.7 77 5.9 .401 69 1.9 7 41.4 81
2018 89.2 89 3.3 .352 52 5.2 33 43.2 79
2019 91.9 92 6.5 .384 90 7.5 46 48.5 94
2020 91.0 82 1.7 .384 83 3.7 18 43.0 67
SOURCE: Baseball Savant
Pct: percentile rank among qualified hitters.

The thing about LeMahieu, where it has all come together, is that while he hits a metric ton of groundballs, he does so mainly to his pull side, while his fly balls are mostly to the opposite field.

LeMahieu Pull vs. Opposite Field
Year Pull PA GB/FB Pull GB% Pull FB% Pull SLG Oppo PA GB/FB Oppo GB% Oppo FB% Oppo SLG
2015 98 9.88 81.4% 8.3% .327 180 1.32 35.2% 26.7% .568
2016 106 6.91 73.1% 10.6% .529 184 1.04 32.6% 31.5% .568
2017 114 8.30 74.8% 9.0% .432 202 1.15 35.3% 30.9% .576
2018 137 5.21 72.3% 13.9% .518 136 0.76 30.1% 39.7% .556
2019 144 8.69 78.5% 9.0% .583 174 0.62 25.6% 41.3% .719
2020 39 7.75 79.5% 10.3% .564 56 0.95 37.5% 39.3% .946

Last year, LeMahieu hit 13 fly balls to his pull side and 72 to his opposite side, while this year, the counts are four and 22. During the Statcast era, he’s maintained a ratio of about 5.5 oppo fly balls for every pulled one (except in 2018, when he was at 2.8), but now he’s doing so while spending half his time in a ballpark that’s 314 feet down the line instead of 350. That’s made all the difference.

LeMahieu, in the wake of Wednesday’s big game, refused to point to anything specific about a changed approach in moving from team to team. “It’s just [I’ve] matured as a hitter, a lot of failures and success in the past has made me the hitter I am right now,” he said.

That’s not exactly the most enlightening answer (a better reporter than I, under less 2020 Zoom-press-conference conditions, could have asked a follow-up to draw out a better answer), but I’m not sure I needed one given how loudly the data speaks. His performance sticks out in other ways in this day and age; his contact-centric ways — his 9.8% strikeout rate is the third-lowest among qualifiers, for example, ahead of only Tommy LaStella (4.2%) and Nolan Arenado (9.4%0) — are also remarkable, and his versatility, durability, and consistency have been a boon to the Yankees as they’ve navigated through injuries in the past two seasons (note that they went 2-7 during his recent absence due to a left thumb sprain). But understanding how his opposite-field approach is a better fit for Yankee Stadium than Coors is, to these eyes, what best explains the difference between the LeMahieu of Colorado, a high-average hitter whose production otherwise lagged, and the one of the Bronx, a hitter who’s become one of the league’s best.

Brooklyn-based Jay Jaffe is a senior writer for FanGraphs, the author of The Cooperstown Casebook (Thomas Dunne Books, 2017) and the creator of the JAWS (Jaffe WAR Score) metric for Hall of Fame analysis. He founded the Futility Infielder website (2001), was a columnist for Baseball Prospectus (2005-2012) and a contributing writer for Sports Illustrated (2012-2018). He has been a recurring guest on MLB Network and a member of the BBWAA since 2011, and a Hall of Fame voter since 2021. Follow him on Twitter @jay_jaffe... and BlueSky

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3 years ago

Guess he will have to re-sign with the Yanks.

3 years ago
Reply to  Jim

Yeah they better lock him up