Shane Victorino and Near-Strike Hit-By-Pitches

Something I like to look at after every season is a chart of the locations of all the season’s intentional balls. Intentional balls, of course, are supposed to be super far away from the strike zone, but out of any such group there has to be a pitch that’s closest to being a strike, and for some reason those pitches fascinate me. This project would by no means be timely right now, in the middle of the playoffs, but something that is timely is something very similar. Along a similar vein to intentional balls, we have hit-by-pitches.

Hit-by-pitches just about have to be pitches out of the zone, in order to hit a batter, since batters stand some distance away from the plate. These pitches aren’t thrown wildly intentionally, but the locations are generally way off regardless, because pitchers aren’t perfect. But out of the pool of all hit-by-pitches, there has to be a pitch closest to having been in the zone. What follows is inspired by Shane Victorino.

Two things. In an earlier poll post about Prince Fielder and hit-by-pitches, the pertinent rule was laid out clearly: if a pitch hits a batter, but the pitch was in the zone, the pitch is to be called a strike, no matter what the batter does. This, of course, pretty much never happens, because the zone is occupied by the swing path, not by the hitter’s body. Even those players who lean over the zone tend not to lean into the zone, and you can miss high just as you can miss to the sides.

And, here’s a tweet from Tuesday from Brian MacPherson. Shane Victorino was hit twice by Rays pitchers in Game 4, and the first pitch was almost right there. Gameday made the pitch look like a borderline strike. Here are some helpful visuals:




What we can tell is that the pitch was not in the zone. It was very close to the inside edge, maybe even nicking it, but it was high, up near Victorino’s elbows. That pitch never goes for a called strike, nevermind what your grandfather tells you about the strike zone when he was a boy. You’re free to argue whether that should’ve gone as a hit-by-pitch or a ball, but there’s no argument that should’ve been a strike.

But it is the kind of hit-by-pitch that makes you wonder, so I decided to track down the nearest strike of all of 2013’s HBPs, inspired by Victorino. Following is a graph of either those, or Edinson Volquez’s overall 2013 pitch locations:


Around that approximated central box, you see mirroring kidney beans. Hitters, basically, are giant kidney beans. The overwhelming, overwhelming majority of those hit-by-pitches were nowhere close to the zone, striking legs, arms, backs, and butts. But there were a few in tight. Following, some close hit-by-pitches as we build to the closest hit-by-pitch.

David DeJesus, 10/5


David Lough, 8/31


Ryan Flaherty, 4/13


Munenori Kawasaki, 9/14 (bad call)


Alejandro De Aza, 7/6


Derek Dietrich, 5/16


Starling Marte, 6/5


Shane Victorino, 9/21


All of those pitches were close, as hit-by-pitches go. We even see another cameo from Shane Victorino, taking advantage of an unsuspecting Mark Buehrle. However, none of those pitches were the closest. The hit-by-pitch closest to being in the strike zone of 2013 was thrown by James Shields in Kansas City on August 11, and it struck none other than…Shane Victorino, who it turns out is incredibly obnoxious.



Not only did Victorino get hit by the pitch — he moved his elbow into the path of it, seemingly on purpose, spoiling an otherwise perfect 0-and-2 delivery near the inner edge. This pitch wasn’t even three feet off the ground at the front plane, so by height, it was probably within even the 0-and-2 strike zone. The center of the baseball was about 1.3 inches from the edge of the plate, via PITCHf/x. A baseball is just about three inches in diameter. It’s conceivable, then, if not probable, that some of this baseball caught the edge, right at Victorino’s belt. The umpire ruled this a legitimate hit-by-pitch. He didn’t even just stick Victorino with a ball. Despite the Royals’ protests, Victorino was given his base, and though the pitch clearly hurt him a little, that’s what happens when you allow that to happen to you. Even Shane Victorino is human.

This season, 0.8% of plate appearances ended with a hit-by-pitch. Over Shane Victorino’s career, 1.6% of his plate appearances have ended with a hit-by-pitch. Batting lefty, that rate has been just 0.9%. But this year Victorino has temporarily given up switch-hitting, batting righty against righties and lefties alike. Batting righty against a lefty, he’s been hit 4.1% of the time. Batting righty against a righty, he’s been hit 10% of the time. This season, over 125 plate appearances against righties batting righty, Victorino’s been drilled 13 times. Some of that, of course, is due to same-handed pitchers being more willing to work inside. The rest of that is because it’s Shane Victorino.

And because it’s Victorino, and because his team is still alive and moving on to the ALCS, we might see an even closer hit-by-pitch yet. You can’t put anything past Shane Victorino. Not even barely-inside pitches.

Jeff made Lookout Landing a thing, but he does not still write there about the Mariners. He does write here, sometimes about the Mariners, but usually not.

Newest Most Voted
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments
10 years ago

Seems like the problem is he’s not used to reacting to the righty on righty inside pitch, having been a switch hitter for so long.

10 years ago
Reply to  Jeff Sullivan

Basically no survival instinct.

10 years ago
Reply to  Jeff Sullivan

You would think standing so close to the plate would make it really tough for him to turn on middle-in pitches for much power.

10 years ago
Reply to  thelasershow

I would argue he’s plenty used to reacting to the righty on righty inside pitch, as he has clearly demonstrated above average ability to move directly into them.

10 years ago
Reply to  Nate

The game 4 slow-mow shows him squaring up and actually looks like a perfectly executed bunt, with his elbow.

Dayton Moore
10 years ago
Reply to  thelasershow

A hit by pitch is as good as a walk.

Da Bear
10 years ago
Reply to  Dayton Moore

Ray Chapman begs to differ.

10 years ago
Reply to  Da Bear

So does Adam Greenberg

10 years ago
Reply to  thelasershow

It’s not a problem. He leans in and makes no effort to get out of the way. It’s cheap, but what more would you expect from a gritty gamer?

10 years ago
Reply to  pudieron89

Yeah, hitters having been doing this for what, like 100 years?

10 years ago
Reply to  thelasershow

No, this is a well-known strategy by hitters that want to take away the inner half of the plate. Cal Lutheran used this against me in college. It was obvious when they leaned over the plate on multiple strikes and got hit.

The problem is: Umpires act like they don’t know wtf to do. They should be calling back the hitter to the plate to make them hit and calling these pitches strikes. The rulebook says hitters have to make an attempt to get out of the way.

10 years ago
Reply to  Patrick

Well, the rulebook says you have to attempt to move OR you have to have no opportunity to move. I don’t know what the latter could possibly mean (how could you have ‘no opportunity’?) but it creates a gray-area.

10 years ago
Reply to  Patrick

University of Indianapolis was notorious for using this strategy as well.

I threw one of my better curveballs on 1-2 count figuring that I’d have the batter bailing out of the box. I was wrong.

The pitch ended almost up right down the middle after grazing the sleeve of one of their batters. I should have figured their hitters would be accustomed to seeing such pitches. The hitter gladly leaned and took the easy base.

It is an effective strategy, albeit cheap in my opinion, because you really do take the inside part of the plate away. I really could not throw a breaking ball inside because they would just lean in and get hit intentionally. It is surprising more teams do not employ this at the lower levels of baseball (I played D2), especially when we can see that even MLB umpires miss these calls.